GEOGRAPHICAL SIGN

en-cografi-isaretGeographical sign is a distinctive sign used to identify a product as originating in the territory of a particular country, region or locality where its quality, reputation or other characteristic is linked to its geographical origin.

The protection of geographical indications matters economically and culturally. They can create value for local communities through products that are deeply rooted in tradition, culture and geography. They support rural development and promote new job opportunities in production, processing and other related services.

Geographical signs are divided into two groups as designation of origin and geographical indication.

Designation of Origin

The name of a place, an area or a region of a product’s origin shall mean ”designation of origin” when all of the following conditions are met:

  • A product originating from a place, an area, a region or, in exceptional cases a country, of which the geographical boundaries have been defined;
  • A product, the quality or characteristics of which are essentially or exclusively due to the inherent natural and human factors of this place, area or region;
  • A product, the production, processing and preparation of which take place within the defined boundaries of this place, area or region.

Traditional geographical or non-geographical names which have become customary in the current language designating a product originating in a place, an area or a region which fulfill the conditions may also be used as designations of origin.

Geographical Indication

The name of a place, an area or a region of a product’s origin shall mean ”geographical indication” when the following conditions are met:

  • A product originating from a place, an area or a region of which the geographical boundaries have been defined;
  • A product possessing a specific quality, reputation or other characteristics attributable to this place, area or region;
  • A product, at least one of the activities of production, processing or preparation of which take place within the defined boundaries of this place, area or region.